This paper addresses the gap in the literature regarding power dynamics in Information Systems (IS) literature by conducting a review of relevant research. It examines power relationships and contradictions embedded in organisational activity systems, using activity theory as a theoretical lens. By synthesising the findings of 55 papers published in the senior scholars’ list of IS journals, the paper provides insights into the reciprocal impact of power contradictions in activity systems and how different elements of an activity system influence power relationships. The study aims to shed light on the influence of IS/IT artefacts on power dynamics, thus aiding the design of interventions addressing stakeholders’ concerns and facilitating the successful adoption of IT artefacts. It further proposes a fresh perspective on activity theory for systems reliant on IS/IT artefacts. This work contributes to the broader understanding of power dynamics in IS, providing a basis for future research in the field.