The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia seeks to have at least five universities in the top 200 of international rankings by 2030; which urges academics to develop strong research partnerships with the private sector. Furthermore, the intermediary company has emerged in several universities to facilitate knowledge transfer processes between universities and the private sector mutually. Nevertheless, despite the growing awareness of the importance of research partnership, studies stressed that current partnerships’ level is relatively low. Thus, there is a need to investigate this issue further. Besides, there is a need to in-depth analyse the gender-difference to understand the phenomenon. Accordingly, this mixed-methods study aims to examine the influence of social capital theory factors on the knowledge transfer process, with the existence of the intermediary company between public universities and private sector during the Engagement phase in Saudi Arabia based on the perspectives of the leaders’ gender.