The purpose of this study is to explore different project management approaches used in International Development (ID) projects. The study’s findings reveal several ID-specific project management approaches applied in practice. Whilst some of these have not been well-documented in literature (e.g. the Collaborating, Learning and Adapting Approach [CLA] and Capacity Works), others are well researched (e.g. Project Cycle Management, Result-Based Management, and Project Management for Development Professionals). Surprisingly, while Project Management for Development appears extensively in literature, our research sample reveals its non-use in practice. Reasons for its non-use in our sample remain uncovered however, the study shows the significant power and influence that Donors have on which project management approaches are applied in ID projects - as they develop new approaches which are improved upon whilst ID projects are running.