Phishing is a way of stealing people’s sensitive information such as username, password and banking details by disguising as a legitimate entity (i.e. email, website). Anti-phishing education considered to be vital in strengthening “human”, the weakest link in information security. Previous research in anti-phishing education focuses on improving educational interventions to better interact the end user. However, one can argue that existing anti-phishing educational interventions are limited in success due to their outdated teaching content incorporated. Furthermore, teaching outdated anti-phishing techniques might not help combat contemporary phishing attacks. Therefore, this research focuses on investigating the obfuscation techniques of phishing URLs used in anti-phishing education against the contemporary phishing attacks reported in PhishTank.com. Our results showed that URL obfuscation with IP address has become insignificant and it revealed two emerging URL obfuscation techniques, that attackers use lately, haven’t been incorporated into existing anti-phishing educational interventions.
Fernando, Matheesha and Arachchilage, Nalin Asanka Gamagedara, "Why Johnny can’t rely on anti-phishing educational interventions to protect himself against contemporary phishing attacks?" (2019). ACIS 2019 Proceedings. 42.