The adoption of information and communication technology (ICT) in early childhood educational settings, in particular touch screen technology such as interactive whiteboards and tablet computing devices has potential for use within early childhood educational institutions. We conducted a literature review in order to understand what literature currently exists in this research area. The nature of ICT implementations as a dynamic, complex process and organizational innovations were considered when examining articles. We demonstrate that there is a significant gap in the body of knowledge in regards to touch screen technology in early childhood, particularly from a process perspective, and suggest that further research is required to understand the interplay between individual actions and organisation structural influences to the development of understanding that can support the successful implementation of touch screen technology within early childhood educational institutions.