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Abstract

Scandinavian research in systems development can be grouped into three major traditions, based on quite different ideologies and theories: The systems theoretical school, the socio-technical school and the critical school. The differences among these schools are closely related to the historical and social contexts in which they developed. External political, economic and cultural factors have strongly influenced research in this field. In particular, the basic theoretical differences among the schools reflect their different interpretations of the relationship between capital and labour.

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