To reduce the environmental impacts of carbon dioxide and the cost of cellular networks, network operators must deploy energy efficiency techniques. In this paper we will look at different methods of improving energy consumption at the network and cell level. Also, we will look at the role of renewable sources of energy to increase the network reliability, reduce cost and greenhouse gas on a nation-wide network.
Moradi, Shahram and Barber, Connie S., "Green Communication in Cellular Networks" (2018). MWAIS 2018 Proceedings. 31.