Journal of Information Technology

Document Type

Research Article


In recent times there has been a great increase in interest in declarative programming languages, which are based on sound mathematical formalisms, independent of the machinery on which they are implemented. Such languages are easier to understand and debug, and have advantages with regard to program transformation and verification, and parallel implementation over conventional, imperative languages. In this essay I will discuss the various paradigms available for declarative programming, and also the object orientated programming paradigm, and put forward various ideas that I feel are of particular interest.