\
 

Start Date

16-8-2018 12:00 AM

Description

Online micro-loan marketplaces cannot accurately and effectively approve loan applications due to the uncertain opportunistic behavior of loan applicants and the possibility of loan defaults by loan applicants. To address this challenge, in this study we integrate signaling theory, the social structure of competition, and the concept of homophily to develop a research model to predict a loan applicant’s re-loaning success by examining his/her financial status, friendship network characteristics, and friendship network centrality. Data of 683 anonymous and distinct loan applicants at a major online micro-loan marketplace in China largely support our hypotheses, highlighting the three key signals of a successful re-loan approval, a loan applicant’s credit card default, the number and the percentage of his/her friends with re-loan approvals in the focal micro-loan marketplace. Research and practical implications are discussed.

Share

COinS
 
Aug 16th, 12:00 AM

Predicting Re-loan Success based on Friendship Network Characteristics in the Online Micro-loan Marketplace

Online micro-loan marketplaces cannot accurately and effectively approve loan applications due to the uncertain opportunistic behavior of loan applicants and the possibility of loan defaults by loan applicants. To address this challenge, in this study we integrate signaling theory, the social structure of competition, and the concept of homophily to develop a research model to predict a loan applicant’s re-loaning success by examining his/her financial status, friendship network characteristics, and friendship network centrality. Data of 683 anonymous and distinct loan applicants at a major online micro-loan marketplace in China largely support our hypotheses, highlighting the three key signals of a successful re-loan approval, a loan applicant’s credit card default, the number and the percentage of his/her friends with re-loan approvals in the focal micro-loan marketplace. Research and practical implications are discussed.