Integration is recognized as a critical determinant of supply chain performance. In this study, we empirically examine how organizations that are at different stages of integration differ in their practices, relationships and performance. Analyses of data collected from 375 companies indicate that the use of information technologies and process innovations (practices), the presence of positive relationships, and supply chain performance differ by integration stages.
Vijayasarathy, Leo R., "Profiling Supply Chain Integration: Differences in Practices, Relationships and Performance between Integration Stages" (2010). AMCIS 2010 Proceedings. 96.