Cyber Crime and Criminality in Ghana: Its Forms and Implications
This paper investigates the prevalence of cyber crimes in Ghana and its impact on ICT adoption. Through a qualitative approach, we explore efforts by organizations and organs of government in Ghana towards curtailing cyber crimes in terms of apprehension, prosecution, reporting, and law enforcement. Findings from our research showed that although awareness of cyber crimes is on the increase, the crimes mostly go unreported. The Ghana Police Service which is the organ of government responsible for arresting and prosecuting cyber criminals also lack the technical know-how and adequate legal support to effectively discharge their duties. We recommend that a multi-stakeholder effort and appropriate technical training for the police and supportive legislation are required. Future research should also explore how social theories in criminal studies can help understand behavior and intention of both the victim and perpetrators in cyber crime.