The authors examine the use of Critical Social Theory in Information System research. A critique is developed through a comparison of existing use of theory with empirical evidence from the authors' recent research. Three questions form a basis for discussion. (1) How do new, distributed information system environments fit within existing critical frameworks of organization and management? (2) How does current theory shape our understanding of information technology? (3) As researchers using CST, where should our focus be in studying IT processes?