Organizations depend upon their strategic systems for both survival and success in the competitive environments of today. In this environment exist threats to the security of these vital systems; these include, but are not limited to: natural disasters (e.g. floods and hurricanes), sabotage (e.g., hackers and disgruntled employees), and human error (e.g. the “Y2K bug”). This paper reviews some relevant management issues involved in the recognition of the existence of a threat and the reactions that organizations can take in response to this recognition.