Distance education (DE) and learning is expanding in use from educational institution applications to a broader spectrum of business applications. As these uses grow it is important to recognize the driving forces and future challenges. To date the driving forces can be identified as enhanced educational opportunities, and the development of new delivery technologies involving audio, video, and data transmissions. Many- increased distance learning (DL) applications are the result of changing strategic plans of many higher education institutions to increase their student base. Understanding the current and future challenges concerning DL will result in the proper strategic planning for the development of new infrastructures as well as the design, implementation, and delivery of new course materials and approaches.