This paper explains our need for adaptive systems and outlines the conceptual model of a knowledge-based system that adapts through learning. The proposed model utilizes multiple human learning processes instead of ad hoc mathematical techniques to manifest its learning behavior. The incorporation of human learning processes in the design of machine learning systems is being referred to as "human learning approach."
Rohatgi, Mukesh, "A Human Learning Approach For Designing Adaptive Knowledge-Based Systems" (1997). AMCIS 1997 Proceedings. 17.