This paper examines conceptual developments in the history and evolution of cybersecurity in India. We look at cybersecurity very broadly, starting from the history and development of ICTs, specifically telecommunications in India during the colonial period, their role as a security apparatus to the British, and the continuation and refinement of this role by the Indian government after independence. We trace the evolution of telecommunications and computing in India starting from the 1960s, the expansion of telecommunications infrastructure, the role of ICTs in national security and development, and the gradual ascent of cybersecurity as a security apparatus, and ICT policy deliberations.