One of the difficulties and hotspots in the current information system (IS) research is determining how to combine the different dimensions of information technology (IT) alignment to better achieve agility under the condition of limited resources. To address this challenge, this study decomposes IT alignment into intellectual and social dimensions and examines the effects of balance and imbalance between them on agility in dynamic environments. Based on survey data from 245 dyads of business and IT executives, we apply polynomial regression and response surface analysis to assess these effects. Results indicate that a firm achieves more agility when intellectual alignment and social alignment are balanced and at high levels, and social alignment is higher than intellectual alignment. Furthermore, the relationship between agility and the balance of intellectual alignment and social alignment will be negatively moderated by environmental dynamism, and the relationship between agility and the combination of low intellectual alignment and high social alignment will be positively moderated by environmental dynamism.
Zhang, Zhou and Wang, Nianxing, "Combining Intellectual Alignment and Social Alignment to Achieve Agility: Polynomial Regression and Response Surface Analysis" (2022). WHICEB 2022 Proceedings. 82.