This study investigates the E-mineral rights trade market in China. This market could improve information disclosure, transparency and efficiency of mineral rights. In China, all mineral resources belong to the country, so this Electronic trade market is both E-business and E-government. Their subjects include departments of land and resources administration, government departments, State-owned geological prospecting units, commercial geological prospecting units, social investors, and financial institutions and intermediaries. This paper introduces the mineral rights market and e-mineral rights market. Then, this paper turns to the approach used by the E-mineral rights trade market, which includes formation of the information network, construction of the database, application of the information system, and choice of key technologies. Finally, this paper recommends promoting the healthy development of the E-mineral rights trade market in China, including non-information source of information, transaction rules, transaction system, and process monitoring.