With heightened global concern regarding climate change, poverty and hunger, natural resource management is becoming increasingly important. However, in many developing countries, the local custodians of natural resources are indigenous farmers who have been working the land for generations. Over time, they have built up a large amount of informal indigenous knowledge concerning sustainability in the local environment that could be disseminated more widely. This paper reviews previous research on indigenous knowledge and discusses the possible contributions that the disciplines of information systems and innovation studies could provide.