University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
City entrepreneurship, the entrepreneurial attitude and behavior of city authorities, cansubstantially be promoted by triangulation, i.e. by opening the city-citizen relationship forcommunities of knowledge such as universities. This paper reports on an experiment in Amsterdam,where civil servants, with their inherent focus on 'feasible' solutions, were co-learning with Master'sstudents and researchers, with an equally inherent focus on the exploration of what is 'thinkable'. Theresults were 'achievable' outcomes meeting the demands of citizens. Critical success factors appear tobe the organized disruption caused by the triangulation, the clear-cut occurrence of a comprehensionphase prior to policy making and the combination of bottom-up approach and top-level support.
Maes, Rik; Smit, Bas; Tan, Yeter; and Truijens, Onno, " Back to School: Triangulating City Entrepreneurship" (2008). All Sprouts Content. 98.