Researchers have long studied the group dynamics of teams with the goal of making teams more effective. This study looks at the task structure to determine if groups are more likely to collaborate or cooperate to successfully complete a project. Initial findings indicate that the higher the structure of a project the more likely teams will gravitate to cooperation while the less structured the project the more likely teams are to work collaboratively. Initial findings indicate that the determination of the “structuredness” of a project is a subjective rather than objective assessment.
Cuellar, Michael J.; Johnson, Roy D.; and Du, Stephen M., "Task Structure and the Propensity to Collaborate vs. Cooperate " (2005). SAIS 2005 Proceedings. 36.