The cyclical nature and other features of action research can support and strengthen design science. Design science can take advantage of some features of action research where this would help to resolve the rigor-relevance dilemma. We offer a research framework that takes the features of theoria and praxis from a specific form of action research (dialogical action research) and transfers them to design science. The framework leads to lessons that action research offers to design science.
Susarapu, Santa and Lee, Alan, "Lessons that Action Research Offers to Design Science in Information Systems " (2005). SAIS 2005 Proceedings. 14.