Health interventions are useful tools for preventing and alleviating diabetes which show low adherence in medical practice for prediabetic and diabetic patients. mHealth technologies have the potential to facilitate health management and improve prediabetic and diabetic patients’ self-management outcomes. Building on Social Cognitive Theory, this research-in- progress paper proposes a research model to account for the role of physician’s recognition in promoting self-management behaviors for prediabetic and diabetic patients through mHealth technologies. To test the research model, authors developed a mobile diabetes management application and cooperated with a large tertiary hospital in China. In this research-in-progress, we propose to recruit 280 subjects who are in the prediabetic or diabetic conditions. This study is expected to contribute to the research on and practice of the health interventions through mHealth technologies.