A case study approach was used to explore the adoption of an RFID-based garment manufacturing information system in a garment factory in China. The results of our findings indicate that both technology push and need pull factors influence the intention of the garment factory to adopt RFID technology. Technology push factors include relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, extendibility, and cost of the technology while need pull factors include competitors and customers pressure. We have identified eight factors for successful adoption of the RFID-based garment manufacturing information system, namely vendor selection, organizational motivation, cost/benefits evaluation, top management support, user involvement, extent of progress supervision, staff competence and training and policy, structure and operation process compatibility.