This paper discusses the effect of organization information management environment (IME) maturity and alignment between business strategy and information systems strategic planning (ISSP) on ISSP success. A research model is formulated and tested using data collected from 49 organizations in China. Data shows that that the higher the information management environment maturity, the more success ISSP and the higher the alignment between business strategy and ISSP, the more success ISSP. Practical and theoretical implications are discussed.