Pest and disease determination are among significant issues emerging in agriculture since they influence the generation of agribusiness. Persistent change of the daily costs of Agri-products is destabilizing to a nation’s economy and will impact the nation in the long-run. One factor that influences the persistent changes in daily costs is changes in production. Early identification of crop pests and diseases using smart technology will generously improve production. This paper discusses the existing methods/techniques used to identify crop pests and disease and proposes a novel framework using social media and expert systems. The practical contribution of this research is a conceptual framework for pests and disease identification in agriculture using social media.