Domestic cloud computing is a significant driver for economic and societal development in less developed countries. The diffusion of domestic cloud computing depends on a sufficient data center infrastructure. This research investigates the factors driving the deployment of a data center infrastructure for promoting the diffusion of domestic cloud computing – and ultimately economic growth and investment – in South Africa, Kenya, and Rwanda. It explains critical gaps in local country contexts. We draw on secondary data from national policy papers and publicly available country-specific reports and statistics. Our analysis shows that provider competition provides the best conditions in South Africa. However, we find significant shortfalls especially rural Kenya and Rwanda in spite of dedicated national ICT deployment strategies that aim at promoting cloud computing. We conclude with outlining directions for future research.