In recent years Industry 4.0, in particular through Smart Factory, promises a revolution in manufacturing due to the digitization, automation and virtualization of all organization processes. However, the requirements for a sustain- able implementation of Smart Factory go beyond technological and processual issues. The orientation of technology management strategy with the organizational goals, infrastructure, culture, processes and people should be judiciously carried out. Adopting a socio-technical perspective based on six-dimensional model, this study aims at developing a framework that describes the evolutionary path to design a sustainable architecture for implementation of a Smart Factory. We argue that the implementation of Smart Factory is, and should be, an incremental process. In particular, we identify three evolutionary steps for implementation of the Smart Factory, namely Aspiration, Awareness and Maturity. Finally, the framework is tested through an exploratory case study.