Official Statistics are the relevant set of information to support decisions in modern societies. This relevance is a result of a historical process summarized in this Completed Research Paper. Based on this historical trajectory, the study advances to the current features of this business called Official Statistics. Information life cycle and the Business architecture, defined by Radermacher (2020), are discussed and checked under the perspective of Big Data adoption. In sequence, the features of the Official Statistics and their operators, the National Statistics Offices, are analyzed considering the risk of a failure in the Big Data adoption process. The methodology mixed literature review with documental research. Recommendations for future studies are proposed in the end.