In the last three decades, many efforts have been made for the development of Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDI) in order to facilitate the access and organization of spatial datasets, initially produced by governmental actors. The open SDI emerges coherently with the third generation of IDE, user-centric. The need to build a model geoinformation governance is evident at the global level. In this context, this article aims to present a way to use the Open SDI as a geoinformation governance instrument, resulting in an initial reference for effective and efficient geoinformation management. The main results show the need for adherence and harmonization between the SDI and open data initiatives, in addition to the proposal of a scheme to relate the components of an SDI and the governance mechanisms involving stakeholders and the concept of geo governance.