Currently, the UK government is attempting to relate the rights and entitlements of citizenship with a standard identifier for all British citizens and its representation in a national identity card. This teaching case describes the history of this endeavor as promoted by the UK government and its agencies. It also describes the reaction to these plans on the part of numerous other stakeholder groups within the UK. This is a rich case for examining a number of critical, contemporary issues of relevance to Information Systems practice that are occurring world-wide. On the one hand, such an identity token, if introduced successfully, will act as a significant component in the personal identity management infrastructure supporting e-Government and e- Business in the UK. On the other, its introduction raises major challenges to data protection, data privacy and public trust in the information governance of this nation state.