Location-based services (LBS), enabled by advances in mobile and positioning technologies, have afforded users with a pervasive flexibility to be uniquely addressable and to access network and services on-the-move. However, because LBS could also associate the lifestyle habits, behaviors, and movements with a consumer’s personal identity, privacy concerns are particularly salient for LBS. Drawing on psychological control and privacy literature, we designed an experiment study to test the basic proposition that the assurance of consumers’ perceived control over their personal information has a considerable influence on alleviating their privacy concerns. Three different mechanisms of assurance of control—technology, industry self-regulation, and legislation—were manipulated in the experiment, and their effects on consumers’ privacy concerns were examined. The results indicated that the technological assurance mechanism (i.e., mobile device in this study) played the most important role in assuring consumers’ perceived control over personal information. The marriage of the privacy and psychological control literature streams provides a rich understanding of consumers’ privacy reaction to LBS usage and, therefore, benefits the privacy and human-computer interaction (HCI) research in the Information Systems discipline.
Xu, Heng and Teo, Hock-Hai, "Alleviating Consumers' Privacy Concerns in Location-Based Services: A Psychological Control Perspective" (2004). ICIS 2004 Proceedings. 64.