This study identifies the risks to e-commerce using a diverse sample of Internet and other firms by assessing the stock market reaction to hacker attacks. The research issue is, do expert business risk assessors perceive that Internet activity and e- commerce risks per se generate incremental risk of financial distress?
Ettredge, Michael and Richardson, Vernon, "Assessing the Risk in E-Commerce" (2001). ICIS 2001 Proceedings. 31.