Distributed computing environments, exemplified by client/server computing, place more power in the hands of end-users. So, as organizations move to distribute their computing, they must also move technical specialists closer to these users. This leads to a situation where the distributed technical specialists, while close to their user, are isolated from each other. This isolation from others’ expertise may lead some specialists to “reinvent the wheel” unless they establish cooperative relationships with other distributed specialists.
Eschenfelder, Kristin; Sawyer, Steve; and Heckman, Robert, "Cooperation Among Technical Specialists in a Distributed Computing Environment" (1996). ICIS 1996 Proceedings. 44.