In this field study, the group development process in a "virtual" project team environment characterized by distributed team members workingacrosstimeand/orgeographyfortheduration oftheprojectinanon-face-to-facemodelwasinvestigated. Theprimaryresearch question was, "How do groups develop in virtual project team environments and what role does groupware technology play in that development process?" To answer this question, the following propositions were advanced based on a literature review on group development and communication media research.