An empirical study examined the accuracy, decision speed, and eye movements of twenty subjects using color and monochrome bar graphs, line graphs and tables for performing three information acquisition tasks: point reading, comparisons, and trends. The prevailing theories from the MIS graphics literature did not predict the results. The paper advocates that the next generation of graphics research adopt a more objective theory of graphics that provides robust quantitative predictions for evaluating the quality of competing graphic designs.
Lohse, Gerald L., "EYE MOVEMENT-BASED ANALYSES OF GRAPHS AND TABLES: THE NEXT GENERATION" (1993). ICIS 1993 Proceedings. 49.