The primary purpose of this study is to develop a deeper understanding of the dynamics of the adoption of SWAH. Specifically, it examines how the work and family environments of dual-career male and female and traditional male parents who perform SWAH differ from the work and family environments of their cohorts who do not. People who perform SWAH were found to work significantly more hours per week and more hours at home than those who did not adopt SWAH. The data indicates that men and women who have higher level more challenging jobs (Le., greater work expectations and lower role clarity) were more likely to adopt SWAH than were men and women with fewer career demands. There were no significant differences in the family environments of men who did and did not adopt SWAH. Perceived family responsibility (i.e., family involvement, family expectations) was associated with a woman's tendency to adopt SWAH.