This paper reports and analyzes the nature, content, and trends exhibited by DSS papers presented at the four major annual or biennial IS/DSS conferences during 1980-1985. (Three of the conferences held their first meeting during this period.) It then compares the findings from this analysis with those obtained with a different database, namely all DSS articles published in 22 professional journals during this same period. Inferences are drawn concerning (1) the perceived roles and benefits of conferences versus those of journals and (2) the apparent state and direction of the DSS field.