Corresponding Author

Joshua Doe, Open University of Netherlands (

Document Type



The development of the Firm Technology Adoption Model (F-TAM) of measuring firm technology adoption at the SME level addressed an important knowledge gap from a developing country context. The model, however, lacked a measuring instrument to allow researchers to engage the model empirically. In this study, a measuring instrument is designed, taken through self-review, expert review, focus group discussion, and then a pilot test. Statistical analysis of the pilot test shows that the instrument is both a valid and reliable for measuring SME innovation adoption from an ecosystem perspective. This paper, therefore, opens up new avenues for both industry and academic works on the adoption of digital innovations.