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Collaborative activities across organizations are common when conducting business online. There have been numerous research results on different aspects of inter-organization collaborations through electronic means or in an electronic environment. However, the term ‘collaboration’ in Information Systems research literature often has different meanings. Also, a wide spectrum of technologies has been labeled as collaborative technology. In order to make the knowledge of the new research field cohesive and accumulative, the paradigm of electronic collaboration (e-Collaboration) has yet to be established. Thus this paper aims to provide a framework for e-Collaboration from the perspective different levels of involvements of inter-organization interactions. The framework differentiates the types of the ‘collaboration’ in a cohesive manner, and underlines the core characteristics of e-Collaboration - joint intellectual efforts. Moreover, a content analysis on the existing related literatures is conducted, using the framework proposed. Future research directions in the field are also discussed.