The e-commerce environment is changing fast and getting mature, the internet technology enabled evolution created many new business organizations and new business models. It also caused new competitions and new management challenges. Although B2B e-marketplace have been promoted as tools for reducing transaction costs, streamlining process efficiency, and enabling virtual collaboration among partners, there are still not many successful B2B e-marketplaces in Asian. This research tried to develop an evolution model based on the IOS (Inter-Organizational Systems) model defined by Benjamin (1990)(1)and Applegate et al, (1996)(2). Through over 100 firms’ case studies in seven industries of Taiwan, the patents of business partnership structures and the path of e-marketplace evolution were found. In order to explore the factors effected e-marketplace evolution, this paper summarized the possible impact factors based on ‘Transaction cost theory’, ‘Resource dependent theory’, ‘Institution theory’, and the ‘Contextual Influences’ which were highlighted as three levels in previous study – socio-cultural, national/regional, and structural (Hsiao and Ming, 2002)(3). The questionnaires were developed and mailed to 980 firms on the list of class-A members of ‘Taiwan Taiwan Electric and Electronic Manufacturers' Association.’ 178 valid questionnaires were received and investigated. The data analysis result suggested that factors of institutionalization effect may be one of the most significant impact dimensions of e-marketplace evolution.
Ming, Vincent; Chang, Guohong; Wu, Chuehju; and Lin, Chengying, "Developing a B2B E-Commerce Evolution Model -- The Case Studies of Seven Industries in Taiwan" (2004). ICEB 2004 Proceedings. 236.