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Electronic commerce becomes an essential part of business processes for many business firms. Electronic commerce has a particularly important implication for small-to-medium-sized enterprises (SME's) because the form of competition and business process has dramatically changed in the recent years due to the internet and on-line business activities. This paper investigates various issues about implementation of electronic commerce by surveying a group of Korean SME's as a sample. This study focuses on finding out the critical factors for successful implementation of electronic commerce by SME's. Our research model is more comprehensive than the ones used in the previous research by including moderating variables in the context