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A knowledge management system, Knowledge Management System for Scientific Research Group (KMSSRG) is designed to facilitate knowledge creation within a scientific research group. Implementation issues of such a system are analyzed and discussed in this paper. The main feature of the KMSSRG is the support of Internal Knowledge Evolution Network (IKEN). We developed the IKEN by (1) using Ikujiro Nonaka’s SECI model to identify core sub-processes and related knowledge that are keys to knowledge creation, and (2) analyzing carefully the knowledge creation process for both individuals and teams. As a result, IKEN is a directed network that maps knowledge (both implicit and explicit knowledge) fragments created by different team members in various research activities. Context reference relationships among these knowledge fragments can also be represented.