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The objectives of this research are to detail the history of business-IT alignment and develop a model to measure business-IT strategic alignment. The methodology involved defining and developing measures for the predictor variables of environmental uncertainty and importance of IT to the firm. A conceptual framework or strategic alignment model integrating key practices espoused by academics and practitioners regarding strategic alignment was developed. Measures for the strategic alignment model were defined and developed, and the relationships of the predictor variables with the degree of alignment as well as technology’s contribution to organizational performance assessed.