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This paper explores the feasibility of realizing the optimization of the empty container inventory based on EDI information. Firstly the basic structure of the stochastic optimization model for the empty container inventory has been described and two models including the infinite and finite horizon model were constructed. Then several statistical test have been taken and the distribution of the inland turnover time of the empty container, the empty containers' supply and demand identified. Finally we adopt PB to develop the DSS for the stochastic optimization of container inventory based on the shipping EDI information.