Rapid advances in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) combined with rising economic constraints are causing a change in behavior towards new forms of consumption called collaborative consumption (the sharing economy). Research on this phenomenon from the government perspective has however not received much attention. This paper therefore performed a systematic literature review to make sense of how the notion of collaborative consumption (CC) has been investigated in the digital government context, further reflecting on the implications for developing countries. The findings suggest that there is a significant research opportunity on CC in digital government settings to developing countries such as in Latin America, Africa or Australia. Specifically those developing countries are unreflectively sharing based on what developed countries consider needs to be shared. The study contributes theoretically a research agenda on CC in a digital government setting and practically on how to share public services with limited resources.