The equitable provision of healthcare entails the distribution of resources and other processes to overcome health inequality. The concept of heath equity suggests that it is differences in social and economic backgrounds of people that lead to differences in their ability to access health care. Following a review of what is known about health equity and the role of mobile health, this paper investigates the relationship between Mobile Phone Subscriptions, the United Nation Development Program’s (UNDP) Health Index, the Human Development Index, and Gini Index for all the countries of the world. The analysis discovers a significant relationship between the use of mobile phones in the provision of healthcare and human development outcomes. Further cluster analysis offers three groups of countries with certain unique characteristics that help understand the relationship between Mobile Phone Subscriptions, the Health Index and the Human Development Index and the effects of income inequalities within the countries. The contribution of this paper is in understanding the use of mobile phones for the provision of equitable healthcare.