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Anxiety disorders are one of the most common psychiatric disorders. Exposure therapy has proven to be a suitable way of treatment for anxiety symptoms. Currently, there are ambitions to digitalise exposure therapy based on Virtual Reality (VR). While a variety of studies verify the effectiveness of Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy (VRET), less research focus on the application of VRET in practice. The objective of this paper is to identify and compare VRET application scenarios from a theoretical and empirical perspective to develop a taxonomy of VRET applications. The findings suggest that companies should focus on holistic VR environments, concentrate their applications on specific age groups and integrate features for the treatment of mild symptoms. Research opportunities occur with regards to the examination of the effectiveness of VRET for mild symptoms and VRET as a new type of stand-alone therapy.



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