Tom Butler


This paper addresses the need for a comprehensive, practice-oriented Green IS framework. The study conducted a systematic integrative review of research and practitioner literatures in concert with a cross-sectional field study in order to achieve its objective of building such a framework. This research began in September 2009 and ended in September 2010; thus, the paper incorporates up-to-date findings from academic and practitioner studies and articles, and is informed by insights from leading IT professionals in public and private sector organisations. The Green IS framework presented herein is based on six core concepts or categories: the first of these is Business and IS Strategy, which, in turn, underpins the People; Energy Efficiency; Dematerialisation; Waste and Recycling; and Green Operations categories. This paper argues that if each of these five areas are addressed comprehensively by practitioners, then lower organisational Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions will result. The paper concludes that while the direct effects of Green IT are being realised by a growing number of organisations, the enabling effects of Green IS are proving more elusive. There is much then that research and practice needs to do if 2020 GHG emissions offset targets are to become a reality.