Present information systems studies focus on technology from developed countries. Little is known about the standardization of indigenous technology in the developing world. Drawing upon actornetwork theory, this paper investigates China’s experience of developing and deploying wireless local-area network (WLAN) standards. We demonstrate that counter-network is a useful concept to analyze the mechanism of actor-network formulation. We argue that developing countries should set up a R&D management system that supports the principle of tech-neutralism